Types of dysentery
Basically there are two main types of dysentery
- 1. Amoebic dysentery
- 2. Bacillary dysentery
1. Amoebic dysentery:
Amoebic dysentery is caused by a protozoan parasite, Entamoeba histolytica, a type of amoeba commonly found in the tropics.The amoeba can exist for long periods of time in the large bowel (colon). People are at high risk of acquiring the parasite through food and water if the water for household use isn't separated from waste water.The parasites can also enter through the mouth when hands are washed in contaminated water.
2. Bacillary dysentery:
Bacillary dysentery is caused by Shigella and Campylobacter bacteria, it is common type of this condition for people who haven’t been to the tropics. Bacillary dysentery are found all over the world. Bacteria penetrate the lining of the intestine, causing swelling, ulcerations, and severe diarrhea containing blood and pus
Common Symptoms of Dysentery
- Painful passage of stools
- Intestinal inflammation
- Abdominal Pain
- Presence of yellowish mucus with stools
- Blood passes with stools
- Rise in the body temperature
Home Remedies To Cure Dysentery:
1. Ginger Tea
Ginger Tea is one of the best home remedy to cure various problems related to digestive track including dysentery. You can add some honey in ginger tea to improve taste and effect.
2. Nutmeg, Black pepper, Ginger Root and Cumin Seeds
To cure dysentery at home take 1 teaspoon of nutmeg powder, half teaspoon of black pepper, 1 teaspoon of dried ginger root and half teaspoon of cumin seeds. Add a pinch of rock salt and 1 tablespoon of psyllium husk(Isabgol). Have this twice a day with water.
Pomegranate(Anar) juice as well as leaves are very beneficial in curing the problem of dysentery. The rind of the fruit and the bark of the pomegranate tree is also used as a traditional remedy against diarrhea, dysentery and intestinal parasites. To cure the problem of dysentery you can boil some pomegranate leaves in water and then filter this water. Drinking this filtered water twice a day will help a lot to stop dysentery.
4. Raisins and Pomegranate Seeds
Add raisins and pomegranate seeds in equal proportion and grind them to make a fine powder. Add some salt for flavour. You can have it directly or in solution form with water. This home remedy is also very beneficial in curing dysentery.
Banana is also very beneficial in treatment of dysentery. Eating a fully ripe Banana pulp meshed in Buttermilk or curd helps to cure dysentery.
6. Curry Leaves and Honey
A mixture of curry leaves and honey is considered very effective to cure the problem of dysentery. Crush some curry leaves to make pulp then mix honey in it. Take 1 tablespoon twice a day.
7. Basil Leaves
Take some basil leaves and chop them, add some sea salt and black pepper powder along with 3-4 tablespoon of freshly prepared curd. Mix them well and take it 3-4 times daily.
8. Fenugreek and Curd
Fenugreek is also very helpful in treatment of dysentery. Take 2 grams of fenugreek seeds and grind them into fine powder. Mix into a bowl of curd. Take this mixture three times daily.
9. Bael Tree Fruit and Buttermilk
Take pulp of the Bael tree fruit and add it in glass of buttermilk. When pulp gets properly mixed then drink it. It is beneficial if one finds blood in the stool.
10. Lemon Juice
Lemon have anti-inflammatory properties and can help to relieve from some of the symptoms of the condition.Take tablespoon of fresh lemon juice and mix into 1 cup of lukewarm water. Drink this at least once a day.
11. Coriander leaves
Take a cup of water and add 2-teaspoon full of coriander leaves in it. Now boil this mixture till all juice of coriander gets exuded. Now remove the mixture from stove and let it coll down. When it becomes lukewarm then have it.
12. Jamun For Dysentery
Jamun pulp or juice both are very effective in curing diarrhea or dysentery specially when the patient passes blood-mixed stool.
Diet and Foods for Dysentery
1. BRAT diet
Doctors recommends the BRAT diet, which is an acronym for bananas, rice, applesauce and toast.
2. Boiled Rice
Boiled rice with curd or moong dal khichdi is a best and easily digestible food for dysentery patients.
3. Mashed Banana and Curd
Mashed banana with curd is also a good food choice for dysentery.
4. Soft Foods
Slowly add soft, bland foods to your diet, including bananas, plain rice, boiled potatoes, cooked carrots, and baked chicken without the skin or fat.
5. Gradual Intake of Solid Foods
The patient should take a diet consisting of curd, rice, fresh ripe fruits, especially banana, bael, jamun, pomegranate, orange juice, carrot soup or juice, butter milk and skimmed milk. When some recovery is observed solid foods should be introduced gradually and carefully.
6. ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution)
ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution) is a best way to replenish lost minerals and water. Patient should be given the solution of ORS after regular intervals until he/she is fully cured.
Some Precautions and Important Tips:
- (i)Avoid all kinds of spicy, greasy, fried, oily and fast foods.
- (ii)Patient should refrain from having his usual diet as long as acute symptoms are present.
- (iii)Avoid tea, coffee, sodas, colas, white sugar, white flour products, high fiber foods, cakes, pastries and pizzas.
- (iv)Avoid alcohol in any form. Replace the urge of alcohol with orange, lemon or carrot juice.
- (v)Avoid any foods cooked in unhygienic circumstances, such as from street vendors.
- (vi)Avoid swallowing water in swimming pools or other recreational water sources. Make sure you drink purified water.
- (vii)Wash your hands with an antibacterial soap after using the bathroom, changing diapers or sanitary napkins, before preparing and eating food.
- (viii)Above remedies help to relieve the symptoms of dysentery but not substitute for medical advice. In case of severe conditions you must consult your problem with doctor.